# Sue by numbers – algorithm determines which lawsuits will equal big payouts

16th Sep 2016

By: Lisa A. Rickard, President, U.S. Chamber Institute for Legal Reform.

## An algorithm sounds like a long-forgotten term from your high school mathematics course. In reality, algorithms are part of our everyday existence. They are used to predict the weather, choose the fastest way for you to get to work, and determine what appears on your Facebook newsfeed.

Two Harvard students have come up with a formula to determine which lawsuits have the potential to pay out the most money. Their company, Legalist, is part of the at least \$3 billion (and growing) third party litigation funding (TPLF) industry. The new company says it will determine which cases are potentially most lucrative and offer investors the chance to finance the lawsuit.

In return, they say, investors will get up to 50% of the final judgment or settlement.

What is the big problem with this new business model and litigation funding in general? It exploits our court system and prioritises profit over justice.

Cases are chosen based on potential return, not whether the plaintiffs actually have a meritorious claim. TPLF helps move potentially frivolous lawsuits forward as funders take risks on questionable, but potentially big dollar, claims. The reality is most cases settle and funders take advantage of this.

More lawsuits overall and, most likely, more abusive lawsuits.

What factors do matter in Legalist’s formula? 58 different variables to be exact.

Eva Shang of Legalist said “one of the biggest predictors of case outcome is the presiding judge”. In essence, the group is taking bets that a judge will rule in their favor–turning our courts into casinos. It’s also important to note that the judge, and the defendant, won’t know that the case is funded by an outside group, as there is little regulation of the industry and no state or federal court requirements to disclose funding agreements.

The litigation becomes all about profit–and it’s no small profit at that.

These cases brought against corporate and small businesses alike have the potential to cut the lights and lock the doors for good. Thus far, Legalist has invested \$75,000 in one lawsuit and expects a payout of up to \$1 million. That’s a return of more than 1,200%.

With such high stakes, the priorities that matter in the case are those of the funders, not the plaintiffs. Funders might not want to settle a case unless they feel they are getting the maximum payout. A lawsuit that would have been easily settled could now result in bankruptcy.

Allowing third parties to invest unchecked in lawsuits distorts our legal system. The new algorithm is a proof point to this, showing that the end goal is profit maximization, not legal justice.