The EU Collective Actions Directive mandates that Member States have a collective action system in place for consumers to seek redress for breaches of certain EU laws. However, the Directive leaves many of the implementation details up to the Member States’ discretion.

Member States must find an appropriate balance between facilitating just litigation and safeguarding against opportunism. Member States should consider the following recommended safeguards as the minimum necessary for anycollective consumer action, whether domestic or cross-border, and whether inspired by the Directive, or in a pre-existing or subsequent regime.

To find out more, look at our 12 Recommendations for the Implementation the EU Directive on Representative Actions.